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::1961 - Judgment at Nuremberg / Das Urteil von Nürnberg



USA 1961
Roxlom Films for United Artists
black & white

Synopsis:
In 1948 Dan Haywood, an American judge recently defeated for reelection in Maine, arrives in Nuremberg to preside over the trial of several German judges accused of destroying law and justice to support Hitler's infamous mandates which took the lives of 6 million innocent people. From the moment the prosecuting attorney, Col. Tad Lawson, makes his emotion-packed opening statements, it is obvious that he is determined to obtain the maximum punishment for the judges. The defense lawyer, Hans Rolfe, counters by charging that if these men are guilty because they upheld the laws of their country, then all of Germany must be tried. To support his accusations of inhuman actions, Lawson offers the testimony of Rudolf Petersen, a victim of sterilization who, it develops, was castrated because of mental incompetence. During the long weeks of the trial, Haywood wanders about the city trying to "understand" the German people, trying to determine if they really understood what Hitler stood for. In particular, Haywood often chats with the aristocratic Madame Bertholt, the widow of a German general executed after the earlier war crimes trials. The proceedings reach a climax when a woman named Irene Hoffman is called to the stand. When she testifies that a former friend, an aged Jew, was falsely accused of being intimate with her (thereby "polluting the Aryan race") and then executed, Rolfe tries to break down her story by frantically accusing her of distorting the truth. As the distraught woman breaks into hysterical denials, one of the accused, Ernst Janning, interrupts the hearings and asks to make a statement. Throughout the trial he has remained silent, but he now voluntarily takes the stand and admits to being guilty of both ignoring and rationalizing the inhuman Nazi acts because he felt they were for the ultimate good of the country. As Haywood and his two associate judges ponder their decisions, the news that Russia has blockaded Berlin prompts military officials to hint that lenient judgments might be wise--and expedient. But Haywood, determined to stand for "justice, truth, and the value of a single human being," refuses to compromise, and he sentences the defendants to life imprisonment. The defiant Rolfe sneers that in 5 years the convicted men will be free.

Cast:
Spencer Tracy (Chief Judge Dan Haywood)
Burt Lancaster (Dr. Ernst Janning)
Richard Widmark (Col. Tad Lawson)
Marlene Dietrich (Mrs. Bertholt)
Maximilian Schell (Hans Rolfe)
Judy Garland (Irene Hoffman)
Montgomery Clift (Rudolph Petersen)
William Shatner (Capt. Harrison Byers)
Werner Klemperer (Emil Hahn)
Kenneth MacKenna (Judge Kenneth Norris)
Torben Meyer (Werner Lampe)
Joseph Bernard (Maj. Abe Radnitz)
Alan Baxter (Brig. Gen. Matt Merrin)
Edward Binns (Sen. Burkette)
Virginia Christine (Mrs. Halbestadt)
Otto Waldis (Pohl)
Karl Swenson (Dr. Heinrich Geuter)
Martin Brandt (Friedrich Hofstetter)
Ray Teal (Judge Curtiss Ives)
John Wengraf (Dr. Karl Wieck)
Ben Wright (Halbestadt)
Howard Caine (Hugo Wallner)
Olga Fabian (Mrs. Elsa Lindnow)
Paul Busch (Schmidt)
Bernard Kates (Max Perkins)
Oscar Beregi Jr. (Waiter at Court Lounge)
Asher Brauner (Translator)
Sheila Bromley (Mrs. Ives)
John Clarke (Prison Guard)
Joseph Crehan (Courtroom Spectator at Verdict)
Sayre Dearing (Courtroom Spectator)
Bess Flowers (Concert Attendee)
Sam Harris (Courtroom Spectator)
Colin Kenny (Courtroom Spectator)
Harold Miller (Courtroom Officer)
Ed Nelson (Captain at Nightclub Announcing Call-up of Officers)
William H. O'Brien (German Prisoner in Cafeteria)
Norbert Schiller (Waiter)
Rudy Solari (Interpreter in Courtroom)
Bert Stevens (German Prisoner in Cafeteria)
Hal Taggart (German Counsel)
Jana Taylor (Elsa Scheffler)

Crew:
Stanley Kramer (director and producer)
Philip Langner (associate producer)
Ernest Gold (original music)
Ernest Laszlo (photographer)
Frederic Knudtson (film editor)
James Lister (casting)
Rudolph Sternad (production design)
George Milo (set decoration)
Robert J. Schiffer (makeup artist)
Clem Beauchamp (production manager)
Art Cole (property master)
Walter Elliott (sound editor)
Jean L. Speak (sound engineer)
Don L. Carstensen (chief gaffer)
Martin Kashuk (assistant company grip)
Morris Rosen (company grip)
Charles F. Wheeler (camera operator)
Joe King (costumes)
Jean Louis (gowns: Ms. Dietrich's)
Art Dunham (music editor)
Robert Tracy (music editor)
Pia Arnold (crew: German)
Richard Eglseder (crew: German)
Egon Haedler (crew: German)
Lyn Hannes (crew: German)
Albrecht Hennings (crew: German)
Hubert Karl (crew: German)
Stanley Kramer (presenter)
L. Ostermeier (crew: German)
Richard Richtsfeld (crew: German)
Marshall Schlom (script supervisor)
Ivan Volkman (assistant to the director)
Laci von Ronay (crew: German)
Hannelore von Winterfeld (crew: German)
Frank Winterstein (crew: German)
Wayne Fitzgerald (title designer)
Based on an original story by Abby Mann

Songs:
«Lili Marleen» by Norbert Schultze (Music) and Hans Leip (German Lyrics), Thomas Connor (English Lyrics)
«Liebeslied» by Ernest Gold (Music) and Alfred Perry (Lyrics)

Length:
190 Minuten

Production:
22 January – May 1961, Revue Studios, Universal City
Outside Filming: April 1961 Berlin and Nuremberg

Premiere:
14 December 1961, Kongresshalle, Berlin
New York opening: 19 Dec 1961

Acadamy Awards:
Best Actor (1961): AA-Best Actor - Maximilian Schell
Best Writing, Screenplay (1962): AA-Best Writing, Screenplay
Best Actor (1961): AA-Best Actor - Spencer Tracy

Acadamy Award Nominations:
Best Art Direction (1961): AA-Best Art Direction - Rudolph Sternad
Best Costume Design (1961): AA-Best Costume Design
Best Editing (1961): AA-Best Editing
Best Supporting Actor (1961): AA-Best Supporting Actor - Montgomery Clift
Best Cinematography (1961): AA-Best Cinematography
Best Director (1961): AA-Best Director - Stanley Kramer
Best Picture (1961): AA-Best Picture
Best Supporting Actress (1961): AA-Best Supporting Actress - Judy Garland
Best Set Decoration (1961): AA-Best Set Decoration - George Milo

Golden-Globe-Awards 1962:
Stanley Kramer (Best Director)
Maximilian Schell (Best Actor in a drama)