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::1958 - Touch of Evil / Im Zeichen des Bösen



USA 1958
Universal-International
black & white

Synopsis:
While passing through the seedy border town of Los Robles, newlyweds Mike and Susan Vargas witness a car bomb explosion in which Rudy Linnekar, a local construction magnate, and his female companion are killed. Suspecting that the bomb was planted on the Mexican side of the border and may be the work of the Grandi narcotics ring, Vargas, the Mexican head of the Pan-American Narcotics Commission, offers his assistance to the Los Robles officials investigating the case. The lead detective, the obese and lumbering Capt. Hank Quinlan, rudely rebuffs Vargas' offer and makes subtly racist remarks. However, Quinlan's partner, the loyal Sgt. Pete Menzies, and Adair, a district attorney, apologize for Quinlan's behavior and invite Vargas to observe their investigation because of his status as a highly placed Mexican government official. In the meantime, a group of young Mexican men working for "Uncle" Joe Grandi, a small-time crime boss with a bad toupee, bring Susan, an American, to Grandi's headquarters in a sleazy hotel. Grandi warns Susan of dire consequences if her husband continues his prosecution of Grandi's brother, an imprisoned drug dealer awaiting trial in Mexico, but Susan, unimpressed, insults Grandi by calling him a "lop-sided Little Caesar." While investigating the case on the Mexican side of the border, Quinlan visits the tawdry brothel run by Tana, a former lover, and the place fills him with nostalgic yearnings. Tana, who at first does not recognize him, looks upon Quinlan with pity and suggests that he "lay off the candy bars" which he has substituted for liquor since going on the wagon several years before. Upon learning of Susan's encounter with Grandi, Vargas decides that she will be safer stashed in a motel on the American side of town while he continues working on the Linnekar case. However, unknown to Vargas, the motel is owned by Grandi, managed by a disturbed night clerk, and in the middle of the desert. Quinlan soon tracks down a suspect, a Mexican shoe clerk who was having an affair with Linnekar's daughter, Marcia, and later married her in a secret ceremony. Sanchez claims he is innocent and appeals to Vargas for help, infuriating Quinlan, who demands that they stop speaking in Spanish. After a prolonged search, Quinlan declares that Menzies has found damning evidence of Sanchez's guilt concealed in a shoe box. Vargas, who had earlier seen that the box was empty, accuses Quinlan of planting dynamite in the box to frame Sanchez, but Quinlan claims that Vargas is only trying to protect his own kind and has a "natural prejudice" for Mexicans. Grandi approaches Quinlan to suggest that they work together to ruin Vargas and after Quinlan has downed several drinks at Grandi's prodding, they plot to destroy Vargas professionally and personally by framing Susan. Grandi's gang of young hoodlums, led by a sadistic woman clad in black leather, take over the motel and accost the terrified Susan, who is shot up with drugs and then transported to a room in Grandi's hotel. When Vargas meets with Police Chief Gould and District Attorney Adair to discuss his suspicions about Quinlan, the faithful Menzies doggedly tracks down his partner to inform him of the meeting and is devastated when he finds Quinlan drunk in a bar. Quinlan storms in on the meeting and, furious that Gould is not defending him, makes a show of throwing down his badge. Uncomfortable with the fact that Vargas is an outsider making accusations against a star detective, Gould and Adair placate Quinlan by telling Vargas to stay out of police business. Al Schwartz, a young assistant D.A., stands by Vargas and secretly gains him access to Quinlan's case files, which strongly suggest that Quinlan, tortured by the fact that he was unable to find enough evidence to convict the "half-breed" who strangled his wife, has been framing suspects for years. Unable to accept that his partner and best friend is crooked, Menzies attempts to defend Quinlan, blaming Vargas for Quinlan's binge after years of sobriety. Unable to reach Susan by phone, Vargas finally makes it to the motel to find the night clerk sitting in the dark and seemingly speechless with fear. To Vargas' horror, all that remains in Susan's room are the stench of marijuana smoke and the debris of a wild party. Meanwhile, Quinlan arrives at Grandi's hotel and enters the room where Susan lies naked and unconscious, the smell of marijuana clinging to the clothing strewn about the floor. After forcing Grandi at gunpoint to telephone Menzies to report that he has found Vargas' wife surrounded by evidence of a drug party, Quinlan, who wants to ensure that he will not be a victim of blackmail, strangles Grandi with one of Susan's stockings. Soon after, Vargas, who has launched a desperate search for his wife, learns that Susan has been jailed on suspicion of drug use, prostitution and the murder of Grandi. Knowing that Quinlan is behind the frame-up and feeling helpless to stop him, Vargas explodes with rage, but Menzies takes him aside and reveals that he found Quinlan's cane at the murder scene. Although he is devastated by the fall of his idol, Menzies agrees to help Vargas amass more incontrovertible evidence of Quinlan's criminal activities and consents to being wired in the hopes that Quinlan will confess to his trusted partner. Quinlan, still on a binge, has holed up at Tana's place where, in a drunken haze, he asks her to read his fortune. Tana, however, sadly declares that his future is "all used up" and advises him to go home. As he reels out the door, Quinlan is confronted by Menzies, who begins asking questions about the Grandi murder while, nearby, Vargas records the conversation. As they walk toward a bridge spanning a murky canal, Menzies accuses Quinlan of betraying his loyalty by setting him up as the stooge who always found the planted evidence. The argument is interrupted when Quinlan hears the sound of their voices on Vargas' tape and finally realizes that Menzies is wired. When Menzies tries to stop Quinlan from harming Vargas, who is clinging to the side of the bridge, Quinlan shoots him and then, in shock at what he has done, stumbles down to the canal to wash the blood from his hands. Vargas confronts Quinlan with the evidence he now has on tape, and Quinlan prepares to kill him so that he can pin the Menzies murder on him. However, Menzies, on the brink of death, manages to crawl to the edge of the bridge and shoot Quinlan. Schwartz arrives with Susan, who has been released from jail, and Vargas departs to take her home to Mexico City, knowing that he is leaving behind enough evidence to prove that Quinlan framed Susan, Sanchez and many others. Ironically, however, Sanchez has ended up confessing to the murder of Rudy Linnekar. Tana arrives at the edge of the canal and gazing with Schwartz at Quinlan's large frame floating in the black water, she sadly remarks that Quinlan was "some kind of man."

Cast:
Charlton Heston (Mike Vargas)
Janet Leigh (Susan Vargas)
Orson Welles (Police Captain Hank Quinlan)
Joseph Calleia (Police Sergeant Pete Menzies)
Akim Tamiroff ('Uncle' Joe Grandi)
Joanna Moore (Marcia Linnekar)
Ray Collins (District Attorney Adair)
Dennis Weaver (Mirador Motel Night Manager)
Valentin de Vargas (Pancho)
Mort Mills (Al Schwartz)
Victor Millan (Manelo Sanchez)
Lalo Rios (Risto)
Michael Sargent (Pretty Boy)
Phil Harvey (Blaine)
Joi Lansing (Zita)
Harry Shannon (Chief Gould)
Marlene Dietrich (Tanya)
Zsa Zsa Gabor (Strip-Club Owner)
Joe Basulto (Young Delinquent)
Yolanda Bojorquez (Bobbie)
Joseph Cotten (Coroner)
Domenick Delgarde (Lackey)
Jennie Dias (Jackie)
John Dierkes (Policeman)
Eleanor Dorado (Lia)
Billy House (Construction Site Foreman)
Mercedes McCambridge (Gang Leader)
Arlene McQuade (Ginnie)
Ken Miller (Gang Member)
Ramón Rodríguez (Gang Member)
Gus Schilling (Eddie Farnham)
William Tannen (Lawyer)
Wayne Taylor (Gang Member)
Rusty Wescoatt (Detective Casey)
Dan White (Customs Officer)
Keenan Wynn (Marcia Linnekar's Attorney)

Crew:
Orson Welles (director)
Rick Schmidlin (producer (1998 restoration))
Albert Zugsmith (producer)
Paul Monash (additional scenes)
Henry Mancini (original music)
Russell Metty ((director of photography))
Walter Murch (1998 re-edit)
Aaron Stell (film editor)
Virgil W. Vogel (film editor)
Edward Curtiss (film editor)
Robert Clatworthy (art direction)
Alexander Golitzen (art direction)
John P. Austin (set decorations)
Russell A. Gausman (set decorations)
Bill Thomas (gowns)
Bud Westmore (makeup artist)
Merle Reeves (hair stylist)
Vincent Romaine (makeup artist)
Maurice Seiderman (makeup artist)
Monty Westmore (makeup artist)
Foster Thompson (unit production manager)
Phil Bowles (assistant director)
Harry Keller (director: reshoots)
Terence Nelson (assistant director)
Leslie I. Carey (sound)
William Hooper (sound effects editor (1998 restoration))
Richard LeGrand Jr. (supervising sound editor (1998 restoration))
Bob McNabb (sound effects editor (1998 restoration))
Walter Murch (sound re-recordist (1998 restoration))
Peter Reale (sound re-recordist (1998 restoration))
Harry E. Snodgrass (sound effects editor (1998 restoration))
Bill Varney (sound re-recordist (1998 restoration))
Frank H. Wilkinson (sound (as Frank Wilkinson))
Peter Berkos (sound editor)
Robert L. Bratton (sound editor)
Donald Cunliffe (sound technician)
Ed Hall (sound technician)
George Ohanian (dialogue editor)
Walter White (sound technician)
Kevin Braun (lead digital compositor (1998 restoration))
Kevin Braun (visual effects supervisor (1998 restoration))
Sandy DellaMarie (digital production coordinator (1998 restoration))
Chris Flynn (digital paint artist (1998 restoration))
Mark Freund (visual effects supervisor (1998 restoration))
George Gervan (digital paint artist (1998 restoration))
Richard Gervan (digital paint artist (1998 restoration))
Maureen Healy (digital paint artist (1998 restoration))
Lynn Tigar (digital paint artist (1998 restoration))
David Sharpe (stunts)
Sherman Clark (still photographer)
Ledge Haddow (assistant camera)
James V. King (camera operator: Venice canal locations)
Philip H. Lathrop (camera operator)
John L. Russell (camera operator)
Clifford Stine (camera operator: additional photography)
Roy Vaughn (assistant camera)
Claire Cramer (wardrobe)
Nevada Penn (wardrobe)
Eric Aijala (negative restoration (1998 restoration))
Sean Cullen (assistant editor (1998 restoration))
Bob O'Neil (picture restoration (1998 restoration))
Ernest J. Nims (assistant editor)
Joseph Gershenson (music supervisor)
Richard Nash (musician: trombone)
Jonathan Rosenbaum (consultant (1998 restoration))
Armondo Linus Acosta (consultant)
Fred Banker (unit publicist)
Charles Baqueta (coordinator)
Wayne Fitzgerald (title designer)
Betty A. Griffin (script supervisor)
Robert Tafur (dialogue coach)
Robert Tafur (technical advisor)
James Naremore (special thanks (1998 restoration))
based on the novel "Badge Of Evil" by Whit Masterson

Length:
95 Minutes / 105 Minutes / 112 Minutes (restored Version 1998)

Production:
February - March 1957, Universal Studios
Outside Filming: Venice, California

Premiere:
February 1958, USA
4 October 1996, USA (Re-release)
11 September 1998, USA (restored Version)